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There are a number of festivals, holidays and other events celebrated in Rome each year.
The main ones are listed below.

New Year's Day (Capodanno) (national holiday)

January 6 : Epiphany (Feast of Befana) (national holiday)

For all Italians, the 6th of January is the day when the benevolent white witch Befana, who predates Santa Claus in Italy, arrives on her broomstick with presents and candy for all children who have been good during the year. In Rome, Piazza Navona is converted into a huge playground for the occasion.

Week leading to Easter : Holy Week (Settimana Santa) (national holiday)

In Rome, Holy Week begins with various religious events one week before Easter and culminates on Easter Sunday with a large mass in Saint Peter's Square.

April 25 : Liberation Day (Festa della Liberazione) (national holiday)

Each year, this holiday commemorates the end of World War II in Italy. It is an opportunity for celebrations and parades throughout the city.

May 1 : Labour Day (Festa del lavoro) (national holiday)

This holiday celebrates Labour Day throughout Italy, with various art groups setting up events in the city's historic centre: shows, workshops, street theatre…

June 2 : Republic Day (Festa della Repubblica Italiana) (national holiday)

Commemorates the birth of the Italian Republic in 1946. Celebrations include a military parade on Via dei Fori Imperiali, after which the marvellous gardens of the Palazzo del Quirinale, the residence of the Italian president, are opened to the public.

August 15 : Assumption Day (Assunzione della Beata Vergine Maria) (national holiday)

On this day, processions celebrate the Assumption of the Virgin Mary and popular dances take place all over Rome.

November 1 : All Saints Day (Ognissanti) (national holiday)

All Saints Day is celebrated throughout Italy with various religious events, especially in the Churches of Rome.

November 4 : National Unity Day (Giorno dell'Unità Nazionale) (national holiday)

On this day of official commemorations, Italy celebrates its Unity by the Kings of the House of Savoy, as well as the end of World War I. This national holiday pays tribute to the armed forces with various military parades.

December 25 : Christmas (Natale) (national holiday)

December 26 : Saint Stephen's Day (Santo Stephano) (national holiday)

This Italian holiday commemorates the birth of Saint Stephen. Traditionally, this day is dedicated to family time, with large and festive meals taking place.

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Rome has a temperate Mediterranean climate close to that experienced by Italian cities in coastal regions. Winters tend to be mild, although on occasion a cold snap can sweep down from the Apennines. However, major snowstorms are very rare in Rome. Summers are hot and dry, although the proximity to the sea moderates temperatures somewhat. Rain falls mainly in the spring and autumn, especially during the months of November and December.

Month Min. Average Temperature (°C/F°) Max. Average Temperature (°C/F°) Average Rains (MM) Best Time to Travel
January 3/37 12/54 70/2.8 Not the best period to go
February 3/37 13/55 70/2.8 Not the best period to go
March 5/41 15/59 57/2.2 Not the best period to go
April 8/46 18/64 79/3.1 Good period to go Good period to go
May 12/54 13/55 59/2.3 Good period to go Good period to go
June 16/61 28/82 31/1.2 Good period to go Good period to go
July 19/66 31/88 22/0.9 Good period to go Good period to go
August 19/66 31/88 29/1.1 Good period to go Good period to go
September 16/61 27/81 67/2.6 Good period to go Good period to go
October 12/54 22/72 98/3.9 Good period to go Good period to go
November 8/46 16/61 112/4.4 Not the best period to go
December 4/39 12/54 99/3.9 Not the best period to go
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Fiumicino Leonardo da Vinci International Airport

The Rome Fiumicino Leonardo da Vinci International Airport is located about 32 kilometres (20 miles) southwest of the city centre and is easily accessible by train, car, taxi, and bus using the A91 motorway.

  • Three terminals:
    • Terminal 1
    • Terminal 3 (Air France – subject to change)
    • Terminal 5
    Getting from the airport to Rome and back
  • By car
    • Several parking facilities are available:
    • Drop-off area: facing the terminals. Free for 15 minutes. Some parking spaces, marked with blue lines, allow for longer parking (1 hour maximum for EUR 3).
    • Long-term parking: accessible with the free shuttle (EUR 13.90 for 1 day, EUR 36.90 for 1 week and EUR 64.90 for 2 weeks).
    • 4 multi-level parking lots (short and long-term): A, B, C and D (EUR 30 for 1 day, EUR 95.90 for 1 week and EUR 137.90 for 2 weeks).
    • Several car rental companies have counters at the airport.
  • By Leonardo Express rail
    • Connects the Roma Termini station to the airport every 30 minutes, with an average travel time of 30 minutes. From 6:08 a.m. to 11:23 p.m Termini bound, and from 5:20 a.m. to 10:35 p.m. airport bound.
    • Tickets are EUR 14 per person. For further information, please visit the https://www.trenitalia.com/en/services/fiumicino_airport.html website.
    • By FL1 Line
    • Slower ride than with Leonardo Express, with departures every 15 minutes and every 30 minutes on weekends and holidays.
    • Tickets are EUR 8 per person.
  • By taxi
    • Taxis are available outside terminals. A fixed fare of EUR 48 to the city centre of Rome has been set, for a maximum of four people with luggage.
  • By Cotral bus
    • Buses connect the airport with central Rome, running five times per day with an average travel time of 45 minutes and a fare of about EUR 5 per person when tickets are purchased online or at a newsstand inside the terminal and EUR 7 when purchased on board the bus.
  • Services: shops, bars and restaurants, free Internet access (Wi-Fi) available in the airport.
  • Telephone: +39 06 65951.
  • Website: https://www.adr.it/web/aeroporti-di-roma-en-/pax-fco-fiumicino

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It is recommended to use public transport to get around the city. Although the city's underground rail system only has three lines, its bus, tram and light rail networks over excellent coverage.

By bus

Buses run frequently throughout the day and some lines also operate in the evening (one bus every half hour). Tickets may be purchased at kiosks, newsstands and from the self-service machines within the Rome Metro system. They cost EUR 1.50 and are valid for 75 minutes on any mode of transport, but including only one trip on the Metro. For further information, please visit the https://www.atac.roma.it/?lingua=ENG website.

By rail

The Rome Metro (called Metropolitana by Italians) has three lines: A, B and C. Line A, with 27 stations, runs from Battistini in the west of the city to Anagnina in the south-east, passing close to many of Rome's popular tourist sights. It is crossed by Line B, with 26 stations, including Colosseo (Colosseum), connecting Laurentina in the south to Rebibbia in the north. Line C has 22 stations, all of which opened in 2014 and 2015, with two additional ones currently under construction. However, this line does not pass through Rome's historic centre and is therefore of little interest for tourists. Roma 24 Ore tickets allow you to use unlimited transportation for 24 hours after first use (EUR 7). 48-hour and 72-hour versions are also available (EUR 12.50 and EUR 18 respectively). For further information, please visit the https://www.atac.roma.it/?lingua=ENG website.

By tram

Rome has six tram lines, all running very frequently during the day, which should therefore not be neglected as a mode of transport. Rome's trams use the same tickets as the Metro and buses.

By taxi

It is easy to find taxis at Roma Termini station, near the city's main squares and at the major tourist attractions and landmarks. The base fare is EUR 3.00, with an additional EUR 1.10 per kilometre (0.6 miles) for short trips. The base fare is higher from 10 p.m. to 7 a.m. and on Sunday, with extras for luggage and airport-bound rides.

By bicycle

Although traffic in Rome is very often chaotic, bicycles are an excellent way to get around the city. There are many bike rental shops and the city counts about 80 km of bike paths. On Sundays, parts of the city centre are closed to traffic, which allows you safe rides along the Imperial fora. The Lungotevere is another pleasant itinerary, along the Tiber river, as it provides different access routes.

On foot

Rome is a city built on a human scale and is very pleasant to visit on foot.

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Visitor information

Upon your arrival in Rome, you can get in touch with local tourism professionals for further information and to help organize your stay.

Rome Tourist Office (Ufficio del Turismo di Roma)

Offers practical information and many useful recommendations (accommodation, restaurants, public transport, festivals, cultural events, etc.).

Punti di Informazione Turistici (tourist information kiosks, known as PITs)

At various locations throughout the city, Rome's tourist board operates these kiosks where you can obtain information and recommendations for your visit to the city and its surrounding area. Listed below are the main addresses for the PITs in Rome:

  • PIT Castel Sant'Angelo, Piazza Pia
  • PIT Minghetti, Via Marco Minghetti (off Via del Corso)
  • PIT Termini, Termini station, Via Giovanni Giolitti 34
  • PIT San Pietro, Opera Romana Pellegrinaggi, Largo del Colonnato (Piazza San Pietro)

Further information available online for visitors to Italy

The official website of Italy's national tourist board (Agenzia Nazionale del Turismo, ENIT) provides a wealth of information on Rome: http://www.italia.it/en/home.html

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Medical information

In order to travel in the best conditions and for your health and safety, we invite you to check all information regarding preventive measures and best practices to be respected, available on the official website of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs: https://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/en/country-files/

Your comfort, well-being and health are at the heart of Air France's concerns, and we want to help you prepare for your trip in the best way possible. Find out more about the measures taken to ensure safe travelling on our website: https://www.airfrance.fr/FR/en/common/page_flottante/information/coronavirus.htm#notre-engagement-sanitaire

See your doctor before you travel. It is also recommended to take out insurance covering medical expenses and repatriation before your trip. Rome counts several hospitals and medical institutions, as well as quality medical practitioners and health specialists.


There are no vaccination requirements for visitors to Rome. For more information, contact Air France's international vaccination centre:

  • Address: 38 quai de Jemmapes, 75010 Paris
  • Website: https://www.vaccinations-airfrance.fr/
  • Telephone: +33 (0)1 43 17 22 00
  • To make a vaccination appointment:
    • online (click here)
    • call the centre at +33 (0)1 43 17 22 00


Tap water is safe to drink in Rome.

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Administrative formalities

Entry requirements for Italy

For a stay of less than three months, travellers from the Schengen area, as well as those from the countries of the European Union not included in the area, need only be in possession of a national identity card or a passport valid for the duration of their stay in order to enter Italy.

As a general rule, all other travellers are subject to visa requirements, although citizens of some countries may enter Italy for a short stay of up to 90 days without a visa.

For further information, visit the website of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: https://vistoperitalia.esteri.it/home/en

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Useful contacts

To enjoy peace of mind during your stay in Rome, visit the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of your country.

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Essential phrases

Here are a few basic Italian phrases that will make your stay in Rome a little easier:

Hello / Good morning / Good afternoon: Buongiorno Hello / Good morning / Good afternoon: <em>Buongiorno</em>

Good evening: Buonasera Good evening: <em>Buonasera</em>

Goodbye: Arrivederci Goodbye: <em>Arrivederci</em>

Yes: Si Yes: <em>Si</em>

No: No No: <em>No</em>

No, thank you: No, grazie No, thank you: <em>No, grazie</em>

Thank you very much: Grazie mille Thank you very much: <em>Grazie mille</em>

Please: Per favore Please: <em>Per favore</em>

I don't understand: Non capisco I don't understand: <em>Non capisco</em>

Could you repeat?: Può ripetere ? Could you repeat?: <em>Può ripetere ?</em>

What time is it?: Che ora è ? / Che ora sono ? What time is it?: <em>Che ora è ? / Che ora sono ?</em>

Sorry: Mi scusi (formal)
Excuse me: Scusatemi (plural) Sorry: <em>Mi scusi (formal)</em><br />
Excuse me: <em>Scusatemi (plural)</em>

Airport: Aeroporto Airport: <em>Aeroporto</em>

Train station: Stazione Train station: <em>Stazione</em>

Taxi: Taxi Taxi: <em>Taxi</em>

Hotel: Hotel / Albergho Hotel: <em>Hotel / Albergho</em>

Hospital: Ospedale Hospital: <em>Ospedale</em>

Bank: Banca Bank: <em>Banca</em>

Telephone: Telefono Telephone: <em>Telefono</em>

I'm (…): Sono (…). I'm (…): <em>Sono (…).</em>

I'm looking for (…): Sto cercando (…). I'm looking for (…): <em>Sto cercando (…).</em>

How much is (…)?: Quanto costa ? How much is (…)?: <em>Quanto costa ?</em>

Do you have (…)?: Ha (…) ? Do you have (…)?: <em>Ha (…) ?</em>

Where can I find (…)?: Dove si trova (…) ? / Dove posso trovare (…) ? Where can I find (…)?: <em>Dove si trova (…) ? / Dove posso trovare (…) ?</em>

Where can I buy (…)?: Dove si compra (…) ? / Dove posso comprare (…) ? Where can I buy (…)?: <em>Dove si compra (…) ? / Dove posso comprare (…) ?</em>

I'd like (…): Vorrei (…). I'd like (…): <em>Vorrei (…).</em>

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Good to know

+ phone number
-1 : 00
of time difference with
Start of daylight saving time: last Sunday in March
End of daylight saving time: last Sunday in October


Usually open Monday to Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. and 2:30 p.m. to 4 p.m.
Government offices

Usually open Monday to Friday in the morning only
230 V / 50 Hz

In Rome like everywhere in Italy, a service charge (servizio) is usually included in the bill at restaurants. If the service is exceptional, you can certainly leave a few extra euros. Some restaurants also apply a cover charge (pane e coperto, literally "bread and cutlery"), which is not considered as a gratuity. You should therefore make sure beforehand that tip and cover charge are included in the bill!

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