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There are a number of festivals, holidays and other events celebrated in Rio de Janeiro each year. The main ones are listed below.

January 1 : New Year's Day (national holiday)

To celebrate the transition to the new year, revellers gather on the Copacabana beach. Several million people all dressed in white enjoying a lavish midnight fireworks display.

February 24-28 2017: Carnival (local event)

World famous event, the unmissable Carnival of Rio is “the” celebration of Brazilian people. For three days and nights, Rio de Janeiro, its inhabitants and tourists from all over the world all live to the unbridled rhythms of samba and costumed parades.

May 1 : Labour Day (national holiday)

May 22 : Corpus Christi (national holiday)

This springtime commemoration of the Holy Eucharist was introduced by the Portuguese. This is an all-day affair in Rio de Janeiro, with processions of children dressed in white and streets covered in sawdust, leaves, dried flowers, coffee grounds and chalk.

September 7 : Independence Day (national holiday)

Brazil's independence in 1822 is celebrated in Rio with a huge military parade. There are also concerts and shows, street parties, dances and a fireworks display late in the evening.

November 2: All Souls' Day (Dia de Finados, national holiday)

On this day, families gather to pay tribute to the departed and decorate their tombs at the cemetery.

December 2 : National Samba Day (celebrated nationwide)

This day celebrating Brazil's most popular dance form also marks the official start of the summer holidays. As in other cities across the country, it is celebrated in Rio with numerous samba performances, concerts and revellers dancing in the streets.

December 25 : Christmas (national holiday)

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Rio de Janeiro has a tropical climate. However, the climate throughout the metropolitan area is strongly affected by its topography (proximity to the ocean, some mountainous areas), thus resulting in milder temperatures. As Rio de Janeiro is located in the Southern Hemisphere, summer runs from December to March, when the weather is generally hot and humid. Winters are mild and last from June to September.

Month Min. Average Temperature (°C/F°) Max. Average Temperature (°C/F°) Average Rains (MM) Best Time to Travel
January 23/73 30/86 130/5.1 Good period to go Good period to go
February 23/73 30/86 120/4.7 Good period to go Good period to go
March 23/73 29/84 130/5.1 Good period to go Good period to go
April 22/72 28/82 100/3.9 Not the best period to go
May 20/68 26/79 70/2.8 Not the best period to go
June 19/66 25/77 50/2.0 Not the best period to go
July 18/64 25/77 40/1.6 Not the best period to go
August 19/66 25/77 40/1.6 Not the best period to go
September 19/66 25/77 60/2.4 Not the best period to go
October 20/68 26/79 80/3.1 Not the best period to go
November 21/70 27/81 90/3.5 Not the best period to go
December 22/72 29/84 130/5.1 Good period to go Good period to go
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Rio de Janeiro Galeão International Airport

Rio de Janeiro's Galeão Airport is located about 15 kilometres (9 miles) from the city centre.

  • Two terminals:
    • Terminal 1 (Air France)
    • Terminal 2

Getting from the airport to Rio de Janeiro and back:
  • By car
    • Accessible via two major thoroughfares, Linha Vermelha and Avenida Brasil. About 30 minutes of travel time.
    • The parking complex is accessible from both terminals. BRL 16 for the first hour, BRL 60 per day.
    • Several car rental companies have counters in the arrivals hall of each terminal.
  • By bus
    • By Bus

5 bus lines: 2018, 2101, 2012, 2145 and 2918. About BRL 14-16 for a one-way ticket (depending on the line) and 30 minutes of travel time
  • By rail
    • Line 2 connects the airport to the city centre, from 5 am to midnight (7 am to 11 pm on Sunday and holidays). About BRL 4.10 per one-way ticket and 10 minutes of travel time.
  • By taxi
    • Several companies connect the airport to the city centre, for an average of BRL 76 and a 30-minute ride.
  • Services: shops, bars and restaurants, free Internet access (Wi-Fi) available in the airport.
  • Telephone: +55 (0)21 3004 6050
  • Website: https://www.riogaleao.com/en/


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It is relatively easy to get around Rio de Janeiro, although distances between points of interest are sometimes considerable.

By rail

Rio's Metro is convenient and inexpensive, ideal for exploring the city. There are two lines, covering a total of 40 kilometres (25 miles), one serving Rio's northern districts, the other serving destinations in the southern part of the city. Trains run from 5 a.m. to midnight Monday to Saturday and from 7 a.m. to 11 p.m. Sunday and holidays. The one-way fare for all destinations is BRL 4.30.

By bus

Buses are inexpensive and use exclusive lanes thus ensuring relatively smooth progress through the city's streets. There are no tickets and payment is made directly to the driver when boarding. A single trip costs BRL 3.60.

Note: In areas less frequented by tourists, bus stops may be hard to find. The best solution is to flag down the bus as it approaches your position.

By taxis

Taxis are plentiful in Rio and fares are not very high, but it is important to remember that distances between destinations can be considerable in the city. Official taxis are yellow with a blue stripe. The meter starts with the minimum charge of BRL 5.40, then adding BRL 2.30 per kilometer (Monday to Sunday, from 6 am to 9 pm).

Note: Fares tend to rise around Carnival time.

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Visitor information

Upon your arrival in Rio de Janeiro, you can get in touch with local tourism professionals for further information and to help organize your stay

Prefeitura da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro

Offers practical information and useful recommendations (accommodation, restaurants, public transport, festivals, cultural events, etc.).

Further information available online for visitors to Brazil

The official website of the national tourist board provides a wealth of information on Rio de Janeiro.

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Currency and Exchange Rates

The currency used in Brazil is the Real (BRL).

1 EUR = 6,21 BRL

1 BRL = 0,16 EUR

The above exchange rate is given for information because is variable.

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Medical information

See your doctor before you travel. Rio de Janeiro counts several hospitals and medical institutions, as well as quality medical practitioners and health specialists. It is recommended that you obtain insurance covering health care expenses as well as medical evacuation or repatriation before you leave home.

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Administrative formalities

Entry requirements for Brazil

As a general rule, foreign nationals must apply for visas before travelling to Brazil. However, Brazil has entered into visa exemption agreements with a number of countries.

To find out if you will need a visa for travel to Brazil, visit the consular section of the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs website: http://www.portalconsular.itamaraty.gov.br/

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Useful contacts

To enjoy peace of mind during your stay in Rio de Janeiro, visit the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of your country.

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Essential phrases

Here are a few basic Brazilian Portuguese phrases that will make your stay in Rio de Janeiro a little easier:

Hello / Good morning / Good afternoon: Bom dia (morning) / Boa tarde (afternoon) Hello / Good morning / Good afternoon: <em>Bom dia (morning) / Boa tarde (afternoon)</em>

Good evening: Boa noite Good evening: <em>Boa noite</em>

Goodbye: Adeus Goodbye: <em>Adeus</em>

Yes: Sim Yes: <em>Sim</em>

No: Não No: <em>Não</em>

No, thank you: Não, obrigado(a) No, thank you: <em>Não, obrigado(a)</em>

Thank you very much: Muito obrigado(a) Thank you very much: <em>Muito obrigado(a)</em>

Please: Por favor Please: <em>Por favor</em>

I don't understand: Eu não entendo I don't understand: <em>Eu não entendo</em>

Could you repeat ?: Você pode repetir Could you repeat ?: <em>Você pode repetir</em>

What time is it ?: Que horas são ? What time is it ?: <em>Que horas são ?</em>

Sorry: Com licença
Excuse me: Sorry: <em>Com licença</em><br />
Excuse me:

Airport: Aeroporto Airport: <em>Aeroporto</em>

Train station: Estação Train station: <em>Estação</em>

Taxi: Táxi Taxi: <em>Táxi</em>

Hotel: Hotel Hotel: <em>Hotel</em>

Hospital: Hospital Hospital: <em>Hospital</em>

Bank: Banco Bank: <em>Banco</em>

Telephone: Telefone Telephone: <em>Telefone</em>

I'm (…): Eu sou (…) I'm (…): <em>Eu sou (…)</em>

I'm looking for (…): Eu procuro (…) I'm looking for (…): <em>Eu procuro (…)</em>

How much is (…)?: Quanto custa (…)? How much is (…)?: <em>Quanto custa (…)?</em>

Do you have (…)?: Você tem (…)? Do you have (…)?: <em>Você tem (…)?</em>

Where can I find (…)?: Onde é que há (…)? Where can I find (…)?: <em>Onde é que há (…)?</em>

Where can I buy (…)?: Onde posso comprar (…)? Where can I buy (…)?: <em>Onde posso comprar (…)?</em>

I'd like (…): Queria (…) I'd like (…): <em>Queria (…)</em>

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Good to know

+ phone number (without the 0)
-5 : 00
of time difference with
Start of daylight savings time: first Sunday in November
End of daylight saving time: third Sunday in February


Usually open Monday to Friday from 10 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Government offices

Usually open Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. and 2:30 p.m. to 5 p.m.
127/220 V / 50 Hz

In Rio de Janeiro as in the rest of Brazil, a 10 percent service charge is included in the bill at bars and restaurants. However, it is customary to leave a little extra tip if you are particularly pleased with the service.

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